AskDefine | Define garden

Dictionary Definition

garden

Noun

1 a plot of ground where plants are cultivated
2 the flowers or vegetables or fruits or herbs that are cultivated in a garden
3 a yard or lawn adjoining a house v : work in the garden; "My hobby is gardening"

User Contributed Dictionary

see Garden

English

Pronunciation

  • (RP): /ˈɡɑːdən/, /"gA:d@n/
  • (US): , /ˈɡɑːrdən/, /"gA:rd@n/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(r)dən

Etymology

Old Northern French gardin ( = etyl fro jardin), a diminutive of jart, borrowed from etyl frk *|gard, from ( > Old English geard).

Noun

  1. A decorative place outside, usually where plants are grown for food (vegetable garden) or ornamental purposes (flower garden).
  2. Such an ornamental place to which the public have access.
  3. The grounds at the front or back of a house.
  4. Pubic hair or the genitalia it masks.
    • 1995: Lee Tyler, Biblical Sexual Morality and What About Pornography? viewed at http://www.etext.org/Religious.Texts/Polyamory/BiblcaLSexPornMorality on 9 May 2006 - Blow on my garden [speaking of her genitalia], so the spices of it may flow out. Let my Beloved come into His garden [her pubic area] and eat His pleasant fruits. ''(A commentary on Song of Solomon 4:16, which was written in Hebrew c950 BC; book footnotes shown here bracketed within the text; many scholars disagree with the Biblical interpretation, which is included as evidence of usage in 1995 rather than intended meaning in 950 BC.)
    • c2004: Hair Care Down There, Inc, The History of Hair Removal'' viewed at http://www.haircaredownthere.com/articles.asp on 9 May 2006 - Primping and pruning the secret garden might seem like a totally 21st century concept, but the fact is women have gotten into below-the-belt grooming since before the Bronze Age.
    • 2006: Guest on Female First Forum at http://www.femalefirst.co.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=4636&start=15&sid=1eeba9e1263e75b259d0d72ed4ed9f0c posting on Fashionable to shave the pubic area?? viewed on 9 May 2006 - A woman's [unshaven] dark pubic triangle, glistening with pussy nectar and promising access to a hidden garden of delights.

Synonyms

  • (decorative place outside):
  • (gardens with public access): park, public gardens
  • (grounds at the front or back of a house): yard (US)
  • (the pubic hair): See pubic hair

Derived terms

Translations

decorative piece of land outside with flowers and plants
gardens with public access
grounds at the front or back of a house
slang: the pubic hair

Verb

  1. to grow plants in a garden; to create or maintain a garden.
    I love to garden — this year I'm going to plant some daffodils.
(UK equivalent)I love to do gardening.
  1. intransitive cricket of a batsman, to inspect and tap the pitch lightly with the bat so as to smooth out small rough patches and irregularities

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

grow plants
in cricket

Adjective

  1. Of, relating to, in, from or for use in a garden.
    garden salad (= a salad from a garden)
    garden shed (= a shed in a garden)

Translations

of, relating to, in, from or for use in a garden

Extensive Definition

A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. The garden can incorporate both natural and man-made materials. The most common form is known as a residential garden. Western gardens are almost universally based around plants. Zoos, which display wild animals in simulated natural habitats, were formerly called zoological gardens. See traditional types of eastern gardens, such as Zen gardens, use plants such as parsley. Xeriscape gardens use local native plants that do not require irrigation or extensive use of other resources while still providing the benefits of a garden environment. Gardens may exhibit structural enhancements, sometimes called follies, including water features such as fountains, ponds (with or without fish), waterfalls or creeks, dry creek beds, statuary, arbors, trellises and more.
Some gardens are for ornamental purposes only, while some gardens also produce food crops, sometimes in separate areas, or sometimes intermixed with the ornamental plants. Food-producing gardens are distinguished from farms by their smaller scale, more labor-intensive methods, and their purpose (enjoyment of a hobby rather than produce for sale). Gardening is the activity of growing and maintaining the garden. This work is done by an amateur or professional gardener. A gardener might also work in a non-garden setting, such as a park, a roadside embankment, or other public space. Landscape architecture is a related professional activity with landscape architects tending to specialise in design for public and corporate clients. The term "garden" in British English refers to an enclosed area of land, usually adjoining a building. This would be referred to as a yard in American English. Flower gardens combine plants of different heights, colors, textures, and fragances to create interest and delight the senses.

Garden design

Garden design is the creation of plans for layout and planting of gardens and landscapes. Garden design may be done by the garden owner themselves, or by professionals. Most professional garden designers are trained in principles of design and in horticulture, and have an expert knowledge and experience of using plants. Some professional garden designers are also landscape architects, a more formal level of training that usually requires an advanced degree and often a state license. Elements of garden design include the layout of hard landscape, such as paths, rockeries, walls, water features, sitting areas and decking, as well as the plants themselves, with consideration for their horticultural requirements, their season-to-season appearance, lifespan, growth habit, size, speed of growth, and combinations with other plants and landscape features. Consideration is also given to the maintenance needs of the garden, including the time or funds available for regular maintenance, which can affect the choices of plants regarding speed of growth, spreading or self-seeding of the plants, whether annual or perennial, and bloom-time, and many other characteristics.
The most important consideration in garden design is how the garden will be used, followed closely by the desired stylistic genres, and the way the garden space will connect to the home or other structures in the surrounding areas. All of these considerations are subject to the limitations of the budget. Budget limitations can be addressed by a simpler garden style with fewer plants and less costly hardscape materials, seeds rather than sod for lawns, and plants that grow quickly; alternately, garden owners may choose to create their garden over time, area by area.

Elements of a garden

The elements of a garden consist of the following:
Natural conditions and materials:
Man-made elements:

Uses for the garden space

A garden can have aesthetic, functional, and recreational uses:
  • Cooperation with nature
  • Observance of nature
  • Relaxation
    • Family dinners on the terrace
    • Children playing in the yard
    • Reading and relaxing in the hammock
    • Maintaining the flowerbeds
    • Pottering in the shed
    • Basking in warm sunshine
    • Escaping oppressive sunlight and heat
  • Growing useful produce
    • Flowers to cut and bring inside for indoor beauty
    • Fresh herbs and vegetables for cooking

Types of gardens

Gardens may feature a particular plant or plant type(s);
Gardens may feature a particular style or aesthetic:
Types of garden:

History of gardening

Other similar spaces

Other outdoor spaces that are similar to gardens include:
  • A landscape is an outdoor space of a larger scale, natural or designed, usually unenclosed and considered from a distance.
  • A park is a planned outdoor space, usually enclosed ('imparked') and of a larger size. Public parks are for public use.
  • An arboretum is a planned outdoor space, usually large, for the display and study of trees.
  • A farm or orchard is for the production of food stuff.
  • A botanical garden is a type of garden where plants are grown both for scientific purposes and for the enjoyment and education of visitors.
  • A zoological garden, or zoo for short, is a place where wild animals are cared for and exhibited to the public.

References

Gallery

Gardens Around the World
image:garden.fountain.arp.750pix.jpg|Garden, Bristol, England
garden in Asturian: Xardín
garden in Guarani: Yvotyrokái
garden in Bulgarian: Градина
garden in Catalan: Jardí
garden in Czech: Zahrada
garden in Welsh: Gardd
garden in Danish: Have
garden in German: Garten
garden in Estonian: Aed
garden in Modern Greek (1453-): Κήπος
garden in Spanish: Jardín
garden in Esperanto: Ĝardeno
garden in Persian: باغ
garden in French: Jardin
garden in Friulian: Zardin
garden in Galician: Xardín
garden in Korean: 정원
garden in Bishnupriya: জার্ডিম
garden in Indonesian: Taman
garden in Icelandic: Garður
garden in Italian: Giardino
garden in Latin: Hortus
garden in Lithuanian: Sodas
garden in Limburgan: Tuin
garden in Lojban: purdi
garden in Dutch: Tuin
garden in Dutch Low Saxon: Tune
garden in Japanese: 庭園
garden in Neapolitan: Ciardino
garden in Norwegian: Hage
garden in Norwegian Nynorsk: Hage
garden in Narom: Gardîn
garden in Polish: Sad
garden in Portuguese: Jardim
garden in Russian: Сад
garden in Sicilian: Jardinu (ciuri)
garden in Simple English: Garden
garden in Slovak: Záhrada
garden in Finnish: Puutarha
garden in Swedish: Trädgård
garden in Vietnamese: Vườn cảnh
garden in Cherokee: ᎠᏫᏒᏅ
garden in Ukrainian: Сад
garden in Yiddish: גארטן
garden in Contenese: 花園
garden in Chinese: 花園

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Attic, Festschrift, Japanese garden, album, alpine garden, ana, analects, anthology, arboretum, average, beauties, bed, blooming, bloomy, blossoming, bog garden, border, botanical garden, bourgeois, canon, chaste, chrestomathy, classic, classical, collectanea, collected works, collection, common, commonplace, compilation, complete works, conventional, crop, delectus, dry garden, dryfarm, efflorescent, everyday, farm, floral, floreate, florescent, floriate, floriated, floricultural, florid, florilegium, flower bed, flower garden, flowered, flowering, flowers, flowery, garden spot, garden-variety, garland, grape ranch, grapery, grow, herbarium, homely, homespun, horticultural, hortulan, hortus siccus, household, in bloom, in blossom, in flower, inflorescent, jardin, kitchen garden, market garden, matter-of-fact, middle-class, miscellanea, miscellany, multiflorous, no great shakes, nondescript, normal, omnibus, ordinary, ornamental garden, paradise, photograph album, pinetum, plain, plastic, prosaic, prosy, pure, pure and simple, quotation book, radiciflorous, raise, ranch, rear, regular, rhizanthous, rock garden, roof garden, run-of-mine, run-of-the-mill, scrapbook, sharecrop, shrubbery, simple, suburban, sunken garden, symposium, tea garden, truck garden, unexceptional, uniflorous, unnoteworthy, unremarkable, unspectacular, usual, vegetable garden, victory garden, vinery, vineyard, workaday, workday
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